We’ve all been waiting for it – the new LTS release of Ubuntu – 18.04. Learn more about new features, the release dates, and more.
Note: we’ll frequently update this article with new information, so bookmark this page and check back soon.
Basic information about Ubuntu 18.04
Let’s start with some basic information.
- It’s a new LTS (Long Term Support) release. So you get 5 years of support for both the desktop and server version.
- Named “Bionic Beaver”. The founder of Canonical, Mark Shuttleworth, explained the meaning behind the name. The mascot is a Beaver because it’s energetic, industrious, and an awesome engineer – which perfectly describes a typical Ubuntu user, and the new Ubuntu release itself. The “Bionic” adjective is due to the increased number of robots that run on the Ubuntu Core.
Ubuntu 18.04 Release Dates & Schedule
If you’re new to Ubuntu, you may not be familiar the actual version numbers mean. It’s the year and month of the official release. So Ubuntu’s 18.04 official release will be in the 4th month of the year 2018. Ubuntu 17.10 was released in 2017, in the 10th month of the year.
To go into further details, here are the important dates and need to know about Ubuntu 18.04 LTS:
- November 30th, 2017 – Feature Definition Freeze.
- January 4th, 2018 – First Alpha release. So if you opted-in to receive new Alpha releases, you’ll get the Alpha 1 update on this date.
- February 1st, 2018 – Second Alpha release.
- March 1st, 2018 – Feature Freeze. No new features will be introduced or released. So the development team will only work on improving existing features and fixing bugs. With exceptions, of course. If you’re not a developer or an experienced user, but would still like to try the new Ubuntu ASAP, then I’d personally recommend starting with this release.
- March 8th, 2018 – First Beta release. If you opted-in for receiving Beta updates, you’ll get your update on this day.
- March 22nd, 2018 – User Interface Freeze. It means that no further changes or updates will be done to the actual user interface, so if you write documentation, tutorials, and use screenshots, it’s safe to start then.
- March 29th, 2018 – Documentation String Freeze. There won’t be any edits or new stuff (strings) added to the documentation, so translators can start translating the documentation.
- April 5th, 2018 – Final Beta release. This is also a good day to start using the new release.
- April 19th, 2018 – Final Freeze. Everything’s pretty much done now. Images for the release are created and distributed, and will likely not have any changes.
- April 26th, 2018 – Official, Final release of Ubuntu 18.04. Everyone should start using it starting this day, even on production servers. We recommend getting an Ubuntu 18.04 server from Vultr and testing out the new features. Servers at Vultr start at $2.5 per month.
What’s New in Ubuntu 18.04
All the new features in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS:
Color emojis are now supported 👏👏👏
With previous versions, Ubuntu only supported monochrome (black and white) emojis, which quite frankly, didn’t look so good. Ubuntu 18.04 will support colored emojis by using the Noto Color Emoji font. With 18.04, you can view and add color emojis with ease everywhere. They are supported natively – so you can use them without using 3-rd party apps or installing/configuring anything extra. You can always disable the color emojis by removing the font.
GNOME desktop environment
Ubuntu started using the GNOME desktop environment with Ubuntu 17.10 instead of the default Unity environment. Ubuntu 18.04 will continue using GNOME. This is a major change to Ubuntu.
This article will mainly focus on Ubuntu’s changes, but GNOME has also done a lot of changes to their desktop environment, as well as new features. An improved dock, an on-screen keyboard, and more. So check out GNOME’s website for more info.
Ubuntu 18.04 Desktop will have a new theme
Ubuntu 18.04 is saying Goodbye to the old ‘Ambience’ theme with a new GTK theme. If you want to help with the new theme, check out some screenshots and more, go here. It may not be default, but it most probably will.
As of now, there is speculation that Suru will be the new default icon theme for Ubuntu 18.04. Here’s a screenshot:
UPDATE: Ubuntu 18.04 will ship with Ambience and it won’t use a new theme by default. The new Communitheme won’t even be installed. The Desktop team has decided to do this for various reasons, including bugs and lack of testing.
Luckily, you can still use the Communitheme, but you’ll have to install it yourself. The Communitheme can be installed easily via a snap, but you can always install it manually by following the instructions below.
You can actually try the new theme (Communitheme) right now if you’re using Ubuntu 17.10 or Ubuntu 18.04. You can do that by:
Add a repository:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:communitheme/ppa
Update your package list:
sudo apt update
And install the new theme:
sudo apt install ubuntu-communitheme-session
To start using it, you need to log out, and when logging back in, select the new theme. For more information, visit the Communitheme GitHub repo.
Ubuntu 18.04 with a Faster Boot Speed
The Ubuntu desktop team has been working on improving the boot time on the new Ubuntu 18.04 release. We expect a big improvement
Xorg will be used by default instead of Wayland
Ubuntu 17.10 used the Wayland graphics server by default. With Ubuntu 18.04, the default graphics server will change to Xorg. Wayland will still be available as an option, but Xorg will be the default, out of the box one. The Ubuntu Desktop team decided to go with Xorg for its compatibility with services like Skype, Google Hangouts, WebRTC services, VNC and RDP, and more.
Lots of improvements and bug fixes
The most notable improvement will be in CPU usage. The Ubuntu Desktop team has greatly improved and reduced the CPU usage caused by Ubuntu 18.04.
They’ve also fixed hundreds of bugs and made hundreds of other small improvements.
Ubuntu 18.04 Desktop will have a new app pre-installed
The new LTS desktop release will ship with a new app pre-installed by default. The app is GNOME To Do and it’s a very useful app for organizing lists, tasks, and more. You can prioritize them. color them, set due dates, and a number of other features.
Ubuntu 18.04 minimal install option
Ubuntu 18.04 will use Ubiquity, the Ubuntu installer you’re probably already familiar with. Though the developers plan on implementing Subiquity, 18.04 will use Ubiquity, which will have a new “minimal install” option that you can choose during setup. Minimal install basically means the same Ubuntu, but without most of the pre-installed software. The minimal install option does not make Ubuntu 18.04 lightweight. It only saves about 500 MB. The minimal Ubuntu 18.04 version is only 28MB in size (when compressed). If you need a lightweight alternative, use something like Lubuntu.
Ubuntu 18.04 will collect data about your system and make it public
Ubuntu 18.04 will collect data like the Ubuntu flavor you’re using, hardware stats, your country etc. Anyone can opt-out of this, but it’s enabled by default. What’s interesting about this is that the data they collect will be public, and no sensitive data will be collected. so most of the Ubuntu community supports this decision.
Applications will be installed as snaps by default
They been planning on using snaps for a while, and they finally shipped GNOME Calculator as a snap instead of a deb. This is a test to help the Desktop team find and fix any bugs. They’ll later on move more applications to snap in the final release. Using snaps will make the process of installing and updating apps much easier. You can even install snaps on any distro and device.
Ubuntu 18.04 will ship with Linux Kernel 4.15
Ubuntu’s daily builds started to ship with Linux Kernel 4.15 by default – the latest stable release of the Linux kernel. 4.15 has fixed the Spectre and Meltdown issues, among other things.
New default background in Ubuntu 18.04
And of course, the new Ubuntu release will have a new default background (wallpaper) with a Beaver:
There are also various other new wallpapers available from the Free Culture Showcase:
Worth noting: all new features in Ubuntu 16.10, 17.04, and 17.10 will roll through to Ubuntu 18.04. So updates like Window buttons to the right, a better login screen, improved Bluetooth support etc. will roll out to Ubuntu 18.04. We won’t include a special section since it’s not really new to Ubuntu 18.04 itself. If you want to learn more about all the changes from 16.04 to 18.04, google it for each version in between.
Download Ubuntu 18.04
First off, if you’re already using Ubuntu, you can just upgrade to Ubuntu 18.04.
If you need to download Ubuntu 18.04:
Go to the official Ubuntu 18.04 download page
For the daily builds (alpha, beta, and non-final releases), go here.
What’s New in Ubuntu 18.04 – Video
Check this video out – detailing what’s new in Ubuntu 18.04
Now for some of the frequently asked questions (with answers) that should give you more information about all of this.
Will I be able to add icons to my desktop on Ubuntu 18.04?
Since version 3.28, GNOME has removed the option to put icons on your desktop, as well as some other features of managing your desktop. So naturally, people are wondering if they’ll be able to put icons on their Ubuntu 18.04 desktop since Ubuntu 18.04 will be using the latest GNOME.
The answer is yes. You’ll still be able to put icons on your desktop because the Ubuntu desktop team has decided to stick to the older version of GNOME’s file manager, which still has the desktop features. It will only stick back to the older version of Nautilus (Nautilus 3.26), but will keep all the latest releases of everything else in GNOME. So no worries. Desktop in Ubuntu 18.04 is fine.
When is it safe to switch to Ubuntu 18.04?
On the official final release date, of course. But if you can’t wait, start using the desktop version on March 1st, 2018, and start testing out the server version on April 5th, 2018. But for you to truly be “safe”, you’ll need to wait for the final release, maybe even more so the 3-rd party services and apps you are using are tested and working well on the new release.
How do I upgrade my server to Ubuntu 18.04?
It’s a fairly simple process but has huge potential risks. We may publish a tutorial sometime in the near future, but you’ll basically need to use ‘do-release-upgrade’. Again, upgrading your server has potential risks, and if you’re on a production server, I’d think twice before upgrading. Especially if you’re on 16.04 which has a few years of support left.
How can I help with Ubuntu 18.04?
Even if you’re not an experienced developer and Ubuntu user, you can still help by:
- Spreading the word. Let people know about Ubuntu 18.04. A simple share on social media helps a bit too.
- Using and testing the release. Start using the release and test it. Again, you don’t have to be a developer. You can still find and report bugs, or send feedback.
- Translating. Join the translating teams and start translating documentation and/or applications.
- Helping other people. Join some online Ubuntu communities and help others with issues they’re having with Ubuntu 18.04. Sometimes people need help with simple stuff like “where can I download Ubuntu?”
What does Ubuntu 18.04 mean for other distros like Lubuntu?
All distros that are based on Ubuntu will have similar new features and a similar release schedule. You’ll need to check your distro’s official website for more information.
Is Ubuntu 18.04 an LTS release?
Yes, Ubuntu 18.04 is an LTS (Long Term Support) release, so you’ll get support for 5 years.
Can I switch from Windows/OS X to Ubuntu 18.04?
Of course! You’ll most likely experience a performance boost too. Switching from a different OS to Ubuntu is fairly easy, there are quite a lot of tutorials for doing that. You can even set up a dual-boot where you’ll be using multiple OSes, so you can use both Windows and Ubuntu 18.04.
Can I try Ubuntu 18.04 without installing it?
Sure. You can use something like VirtualBox to create a “virtual desktop” – you can install it on your local machine and use Ubuntu 18.04 without actually installing Ubuntu.
Why can’t I find a 32-bit version of Ubuntu 18.04?
Because there is no 32bit version. Ubuntu dropped 32bit versions with its 17.10 release. If you’re using old hardware, you’re better off using a different lightweight Linux distro instead of Ubuntu 18.04 anyway.
Why Ubuntu 18.04 Should Use KDE Plasma Instead of GNOME
This was an interesting video and point of view we’d like to share.
Any other question?
Leave a comment below! Share your thoughts, we’re super excited and we’re gonna update this article as soon as new information comes in. Stay tuned and be patient!